Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Perfectionistic folks hold others to unrealistic standards and look down on them when they fail to meet such standards.
There is evidence that the authoritarian personality exists. Nevertheless, the study of how traits arise and are integrated within a person forms a major area of personality studies.
Freud saw personality development tied to development of sexual instinct libido which passes through stages. The Ego controls higher mental processes such as reasoning and problem-solving, which it uses to solve the Id-Super ego dilemma, creatively finding ways to safely satisfy the Id's basic urges within the constraints of the Super ego.
Anal phase The next stage of psychosexual development is centered around the rectum, but can also include bladder functions. Phallic phase At thirty-six months to about seventy-two months of age the libidinal energy shifts from the anal region to the genital region.
According to Freud, young girls, after they come to the realization that they have no penis, begin to blame the mother for having taken it, and look to the father as a substitute for the loss that they perceive. He saw development as proceeding throughout life-cycles. Super ego The Super ego contains our values and social morals, which often come from the rules of right and wrong that we learned in childhood from our parents this is Freud, remember and are contained in the conscience.
Q-data - this was a questionnaire designed to rate an individual's personality known as the 16PF.
Allport's Trait Theory Allport's theory of personality emphasizes the uniqueness of the individual and the internal cognitive and motivational processes that influence behavior.
Ego Unlike the Id, the Ego is aware of reality and hence operates via the reality principle, whereby it recognizes what is real and understands that behaviors have consequences. Also, Hyman and Sheatsley found that lower educational level was probably a better explanation of high F-scale scores than an authoritarian.
They come to see it as just another way to experience pleasure, and begin to take pride in either defecating in a fashion that may be considered socially unacceptable, or, in the case of very strict parents, they may begin to resist the urge to defecate to the extent where it becomes pathological.
Sigmund Freud described several components which have been very influential in understanding personality. The wounds of basic evil form basic hostility: It uses secondary processes perception, recognition, judgment and memory that are developed during childhood.
A related finding is that boys are more likely to be irritable and aggressive than girls and more often behave like bullies. The Oedipus complex is central to the psychodynamic fixations in this time period for men; the Electra complex for women.
Unlike the id the ego has a moral code, however like the id it is amoral. In some measurements, observers rate the behaviour of others. The superego incorporates the values and morals of society which are learned from one's parents and others.
In some societies it is common for a child to be nursed by its mother for several years, whereas in others the stage is much shorter. Libido then moves to the anal region Furthermore, a striking difference can be observed between conscious and unconscious mechanisms in depression. These tendencies are accompanied by another discovered regularity: The information is provided "as-is" and should not be construed to constitute professional services or warranties of any kind.
Penis envy was another term Freud used to describe this; in short, it is the woman's desire for a penis that inhibits the development of her superego. Upon being disappointed by a love object, the patient identifies with it.
It uses defence mechanisms such as denial, repression, regression, protection, reaction formation and identification with aggressor. Even in the Hartshorne and May study some children showed consistently honest or dishonest behaviour, and behavioral consistency was found to increase with age.
Christianity declared commiseration to be the fundamental virtue. A balance is needed between the constant and the changing aspect of the self. It operates on the pleasure principle Freud, which is the idea that every wishful impulse should be satisfied immediately, regardless of the consequences.
Freud postulated that such children develop into adults who are usually neat, organized, careful, meticulous, and obstinate. Horney believed two strategies of defense derive from this defeat: On the other hand it is invested in sadistic impulses operating in the super-ego which attack the identification with the love object in the ego by means of harsh self-reproaches.
That the relation between the person and society is controlled by primitive and destructive urges buried deep within us. This means that traits should remain consistent across situations and over time, but may vary between individuals.The Theory Of Personality Theories Words | 11 Pages.
The personality theories available, as a collective whole, allow for the complete analysis of the developing personality of an individual. The emphasis of this specific paper focuses on the development of the author, Bryan Barker’s personality.
But Freud was an excellent observer of the human condition, and enough of what he said has relevance today that he will be a part of personality textbooks for years to come. Even when theorists come up with dramatically different ideas about how we work, they compare their ideas with Freud's.
Freud's and Rogers' Theories Personality Psychotherapy A comparison of Freud and Rogers theories of personality and psychotherapy Personality is the description of an individual through how the individual demonstrates his or her emotions and building relationship and their behavioral patterns. Theories of personality development.
Many theories attempt to explain human behavior. health, and mental illness. Each theory suggests how. normal development occurs based on the theorist’s. beliefs, assumptions, and view of the world.
Freud's structural theory suggests that human personality has three key structures. Which serves as the source of all psychic energy. Test 1 practice questions dynamics of personality. STUDY. PLAY. The uniformity of the conditions and procedures for administering a psychological test is known as A) standardization Freud theory gets its highest marks for having A) heuristic value B) precision and testability.Download