Many such vaccines are now available for preventing a whole range of infectious diseases, and provide a disease-specific means of prevention. We have seen earlier that microbes can be classified into different categories. Taking precautions to avoid bites from mosquitoes, ticks and mammals is the best way to prevent the spread of zoonotic diseases.
Conjunctivitis Conjunctivitis is caused due to inflammation of the conjunctiva. Each of these groups of organisms will have some essential biochemical life process which is peculiar to that group and not shared with the other groups.
Children under the age of two years are more at risk of developing tuberculosis because their immune system is under developed or still developing. Ascaris, an intestinal parasite causes ascariasis. In addition to these tissue-specific effects of infectious disease, there will be other common effects too.
Such precautions have become all the more important especially in the light of recent widespread incidences of the vector-borne Aedes mosquitoes diseases like dengue and chikungunya in many parts of India.
The commonest vectors we all know are mosquitoes. Bronchitis and Asthma Bronchitis and asthma are common in children. Scabies is one of the highly contagious diseases and a child can develop it by coming into contact with someone else who has been infected. These animals carry the infecting agents from a sick person to another potential host.
The sexual act is one of the closest physical contact two people can have with each other. This means that there are relatively few virus-specific targets to aim at.
Conjunctivitis often starts in one eye at first and then spreads to the other eye. Tuberculosis is spread through the air from person to person, usually through close day-to-day contact with a person who has TB such as a family member, friend or close co-worker.
These scabies mites burrow into the skin and lay eggs which become adult mites very soon. An example is the infection causing elephantiasis, which is very common in some parts of India.
These targets address prevention and management of NCDs. The virus causing Japanese Encephalitis, or brain fever, will similarly enter through a mosquito bite. Instead, every small cold can become pneumonia.
This is seen in the bacteria causing tuberculosis.Infectious agents have emerged as notable determinants, not just complications, of chronic diseases. Not infrequently, infection may simply represent the first misstep along a continuum from health to long-term illness and disability.
Communicable diseases. Communicable diseases are caused by germs transmitted through people, animals, surfaces, foods and air. Influenza, or flu, is a highly contagious viral respiratory illness. Flu can cause a worsening of chronic medical conditions such as heart disease, asthma and diabetes.
Chronic, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are steadily increasing around the world, and developing countries are bearing much of the cost with 80 percent of deaths occurring there. NCDs such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes and lung disorders are expected to. The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) - Information on communicable & chronic diseases.
Acute and Chronic Diseases, Communicable Diseases, Organ-Specific Diseases, Principles of Treatment, Principles of Prevention, Diseases in Indian Children. Some important concepts related to diseases from previous posts. Chronic Disease Screening Chronic Disease Services provided according to your health history may promote a healthy lifestyle, delay or prevent heart disease, cancer, or .Download